Pediatric dentistry – what is it?
Dental care for children is in many respects crucial for maintaining healthy teeth for the rest of their life. The first visit of the child to the dentist should take place in the first year of the child’s life, so that he or she becomes familiar with the dental office and becomes trustworthy at the doctor. Regular control visits can prevent the development of caries and other diseases of the teeth and mouth, because they allow for rapid response in the event of the earliest changes. The doctor also provides advice and recommendations regarding hygiene, diet and the fight against harmful habits, which in the case of ignoring can cause not only caries or gum inflammation, but also orthodontic defects, often requiring many years of troublesome treatment.
Treatment of milk teeth is extremely important, because even though they are in the mouth for a short time, they affect their successors. Their significant destruction or premature removal results in abnormal eruption of permanent teeth, which we have already for the rest of our lives. Providing the child with professional care of a dentist from an early age causes that a small patient does not associate the office with pain and expensive treatments.
Pediatric dentistry – types of procedures
The most important treatment in pediatric dentistry is prevention – regular cleaning of teeth, application of fluoride preparations that strengthen the enamel and protect against caries, as well as sealing the fissures in the side teeth, where bacteria usually accumulate and cause deep cavities. In the case of the appearance of dental caries in primary or permanent teeth, the pediatric dentist performs typical conservative procedures (see conservative dentistry). When endodontic treatment is required in milk teeth, we usually use materials that undergo gradual resorption to fill the canals so that they do not interfere with the process of natural loss of these teeth.
Specific to children’s dental treatment is treating dental injuries which are very frequent during psychomotor development. While in the case of milk teeth, saving the tooth at all costs is not particularly important, for a permanent tooth the pediatric dentist is able to do much, including saving the tooth completely removed from the alveolus. Children’s development of the roots of teeth is not yet completed, which allows the use of natural regenerative abilities and “restoring the tooth to life”.
It is worth emphasizing that a child dentist is a “first contact dentist” for a small patient. Therefore, if necessary, it can perform a simple tooth extraction procedure (see: dental surgery) or treatment of periodontal disease (see: periodontology). Of course, every child dentist in our office is in constant contact with doctors of other specialties, thanks to which he can direct a particularly demanding patient to appropriate specialists.
Pediatric dentistry – the course of the procedure
In pediatric dentistry the first, so-called adaptive, visit is the most important. During it the doctor does not perform any procedures, but only tames the child with the dentist’s office, shows various tools used to watch the mouth, so as to reduce the fear of treatment to a minimum. At subsequent visits, depending on the child’s cooperation, preventive treatments are carried out. At the end of each visit, the child can count on a reward ?
If the treatment of caries or other changes in the teeth is required, the procedure is carried out under local anesthesia so that the little patient does not feel pain for a moment. For older children it is possible to put a rubber dam (see: conservative dentistry), which provides comfort for both the doctor and the child.
Pediatric dentistry – indications and contraindications